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Child Development: Learning Methods

Updated: Oct 22, 2021

The 4 most common learning methods (VARK) and how they apply to information intake.

I started teaching English and children's Bible study classes in Bali in 2019 and transitioned to ESL online teaching in 2020 and have been doing so since. It's been a huge blessing and I am grateful as I discovered a passion for working with, providing and caring for children.

One of the many things I learned while achieving my ESL certification is that there are 3-4 different ways of learning (VARK) which are as follows:

1- Visual/Seeing

Looking at information such as maps, graphs, data spread sheets, diagrams, charts, etc. Also, in some cases analyzation of pictures and/or video but more so as patterns and shapes. This learning method is conducive for mathematics, science and art information. If you pay close attention to body language then this may be your preferred learning style.

2- Aural (Auditory)/Hearing

Listening to information as being heard or spoken such as lectures, group discussion, audio recordings, etc. Its easier for these learners to process information after hearing and/or speaking ideas out loud rather than processing it internally. Baby brains can be stimulated from the womb if they hear music and talking voices. Some utilize this method by reading out loud or creating a song/medley to help remember information.

"If no single learning preference calls out to you or you change preferences based on the situation or the type of information you are learning, you probably have what is known as a multimodal style." – Kendra Cherry

3- Reflective/Thinking

These learners process information best in text/words by reading and writing down reflective thoughts. Writing assignments, statements, quizzes on topics are the best means/mediums for reflective learners. Traditional school teaching methods promote this type of learning style which benefits mostly those who consume information this way (i.e. - readers, list makers and writers).

4 - Kinesthetic (Tactile)/Feeling (touch)

Taking a hands on approach to learning and connecting information is best for a kinesthetic learner. These learners do best by physically doing reality based tasks such as practice, examples, simulations and personal experience. Recreating an experiment, repeatedly playing sports/games or practicing acting for a scene are great methods for their information gathering. As you can imagine, this is one of a baby's first gateways to learning outside of the womb. Physical Tasks such as painting, maintenance, cooking, mechanics and carpentry are in line with this learning style.


Determining your learning style would be an important factor in the approach to academic success and life lessons.

Clink on one of or all of the buttons bellow for different learning type assessment tests for children and adults:

I personally like to use all methods. My default would be Reflective learning but when I feel a bit unfocused or perhaps find myself reading a page more than once; I may switch to an audio format and/or apply what I learned into a physical example. As of late, I consume a lot of information through video and podcasts that I apply by practice simultaneously. Share your favorite learning methods and examples for yourselves and children. How do you help your children with their learning methods? Let me know if you like this content and/or what type of content you would like to see. God bless you always!

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